//Inglês (Should robots have to pay taxe?)

Inglês (Should robots have to pay taxe?)

Olá!

Você acha que os robôs devem pagam impostos?

Segue texto sobre esse assunto para treinamento de leitura e tradução.

Boa leitura.

Prof. Adinoél


TEXTO

Should robots have to pay taxe?

If robots are going to steal human jobs and otherwise disrupt society, they should at the very least pay taxes.

That’s the takeaway from a draft report on robotics produced by the European Parliament, which warns that artificial intelligence and increased automation present legal and ethical challenges that could have dire consequences.

“Within the space of a few decades [artificial intelligence] could surpass human intellectual capacity in a manner which, if not prepared for, could pose a challenge to humanity’s capacity to control its own creation and … the survival of the species,” the draft states.

The report offers a series of recommendations to prepare Europe for this advanced breed of robot, which it says now “seem poised to unleash a new industrial revolution.”

The proposal suggests that robots should have to register with authorities, and says laws should be written to hold machines liable for damage they cause, such as loss of jobs. Contact between humans and robots should be regulated, with a special emphasis “given to human safety, privacy, integrity, dignity and autonomy.”

If advanced robots start replacing human workers in large numbers, the report recommends the European Commission force their owners to pay taxes or contribute to social security. The establishment of a basic income, or guaranteed welfare program, is also suggested as a protection against human unemployment.

Should robots ever become self-aware, the report suggests that the moral code outlined by science fiction writer Isaac Asimov be observed. Asimov’s laws stipulate that a robot must never harm a human and always obey orders from its creator.

The draft report, which was written by Mady Delvaux, a member of the European Parliament from Luxembourg, could go before the full European Parliament for a vote later this year. Its approval would be largely symbolic, however, since EU legislation must originate with the European Commission. The Commission did not respond to a request for comment on Wednesday.

In April, the European Parliament’s legal affairs committee held a hearing to discuss the issue.

“Can a robot express intention? I think the answer is very simple when it comes to noncomplex algorithms, but when it gets more complex, I think we have a problem,” Pawel Kwiatkowski of Gessel Law Firm said during the hearing.

Fonte: CNN | adaptado


TRADUÇÃO LIVRE

Should robots have to pay taxe?

Deveriam os robôs ter que pagar impostos?

 

If robots are going to steal human jobs and otherwise disrupt society, they should at the very least pay taxes.

Se os robôs irão roubar empregos humanos ou quebrar a sociedade, eles deveriam pelo menos pagar impostos.

 

That’s the takeaway from a draft report on robotics produced by the European Parliament, which warns that artificial intelligence and increased automation present legal and ethical challenges that could have dire consequences.

Esse é o argumento de um rascunho de relatório sobre robótica produzido pelo Parlamento Europeu, o qual adverte que a inteligência artificial e a crescente automação apresentam desafios legais e éticos que poderiam ter consequências terríveis.

 

“Within the space of a few decades [artificial intelligence] could surpass human intellectual capacity in a manner which, if not prepared for, could pose a challenge to humanity’s capacity to control its own creation and … the survival of the species,” the draft states.

“Dentro do espaço de algumas décadas (inteligência artificial) poderia superar a capacidade humana intelectual de qualquer forma, se não nos prepararmos para isso, poderia ser um desafio para a capacidade humana de controlar sua própria criação e … a sobrevivência da espécie”, declara o projeto.

 

The report offers a series of recommendations to prepare Europe for this advanced breed of robot, which it says now “seem poised to unleash a new industrial revolution.”

O relatório oferece uma série de recomendações para preparar a Europa para esta avançada raça de robôs, que diz “parece colocada para desencadear uma nova revolução industrial”.

 

The proposal suggests that robots should have to register with authorities, and says laws should be written to hold machines liable for damage they cause, such as loss of jobs. Contact between humans and robots should be regulated, with a special emphasis “given to human safety, privacy, integrity, dignity and autonomy.”

A proposta sugere que os robôs deveriam ter registro com as autoridades, e diz que as leis deveriam ser escritas para manter as máquinas responsáveis pelos danos que elas causam, como por exemplo perdas de empregos. O contato entre humanos e robôs deveriam ser regulamentado, com especial ênfase “a segurança humana, privacidade, integridade, dignidade e autonomia”.

 

If advanced robots start replacing human workers in large numbers, the report recommends the European Commission force their owners to pay taxes or contribute to social security. The establishment of a basic income, or guaranteed welfare program, is also suggested as a protection against human unemployment.

Se robôs avançados começarem a substituir trabalhadores humanos em grande escala, o relatório recomenda que a Comissão Europeia force seus proprietários a pagar impostos ou contribuir para a seguridade social. O estabelecimento de uma renda básica, ou um programa de bem-estar garantido, é também sugerido como uma proteção contra o desemprego humano.

 

Should robots ever become self-aware, the report suggests that the moral code outlined by science fiction writer Isaac Asimov be observed. Asimov’s laws stipulate that a robot must never harm a human and always obey orders from its creator.

Os robôs nunca deveriam se tornar autossuficientes, o relatório sugere que o código moral descrito pelo autor de ficção científica Issac Asimov deve ser observado. As leis de Asimov estipulam que um robô nunca deve prejudicar um humano e sempre obedecer ordens do seu criador.

 

The draft report, which was written by Mady Delvaux, a member of the European Parliament from Luxembourg, could go before the full European Parliament for a vote later this year. Its approval would be largely symbolic, however, since EU legislation must originate with the European Commission. The Commission did not respond to a request for comment on Wednesday.

O projeto de relatório, o qual foi escrito por Mady Delvaux, um membro do Parlamento Europeu de Luxemburgo, poderia ir para o Parlamento Europeu para uma votação no final deste ano. Sua aprovação seria amplamente simbólica, contudo, a legislação da União Europeia deve se originar com a Comissão Europeia. A Comissão não respondeu um pedido de comentário na quarta-feira.

 

In April, the European Parliament’s legal affairs committee held a hearing to discuss the issue.

Em abril, o comitê de assuntos legais do Parlamento Europeu realizou uma audiência para discutir o assunto.

 

“Can a robot express intention? I think the answer is very simple when it comes to noncomplex algorithms, but when it gets more complex, I think we have a problem,” Pawel Kwiatkowski of Gessel Law Firm said during the hearing.

“Pode um robô expressar intenção? Eu penso que a resposta é bem simples quando se trata de algorítmos não complexos, mas quando ele se torna mais complexo, eu penso que nós temos um problema”, disse Pawel Kwiatkowski do escritório de advocacia Gessel durante a audiência.